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NOBEL LAUREATES 2015

(CHEMISTRY)
1. Satoshi Omura

Affiliation: Kitasato University, Tokyo, Japan

Prize Motivation: "for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites"

Omura isolated new strains of Streptomyces bacteria and cultured them so that they could be analyzed for their impact against harmful microorganisms.

2. William C. Campbell

Affiliation: Drew University, Madison, NJ, USA

Prize Motivation: "for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites"

Campbell showed that one of those cultures was "remarkably efficient" against parasites in animals. The bioactive agent was purified and modified to a compound that effectively killed parasitic larvae, leading to the discovery of new class of drugs.

3. Tu Youyou

Affiliation: China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China

Prize Motivation: "for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against Malaria".

Tu isolated one active compound in wormwood, artemsinin, which appeared to battle malaria-friendly parasites.

(PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE)
4. Paul L. Modrich

Affiliation: Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Durham, NC, USA, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA

Prize Motivation: "for mechanistic studies of DNA repair"

Modrich demonstrated how the cell corrects errors that occur when DNA is replicated during cell division. This mechanism, known as 'mismatch repair', reduces the error frequency during DNA replication by about a thousand fold.

5. Tomas Lindahl

Affiliation: Francis Crick Institute, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom, Clare Hall Laboratory, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom

Prize Motivation: "for mechanistic studies of DNA repair"

Lindahl demonstrated that DNA decays at a rate that ought to have made the development of life on Earth impossible.

6. Aziz Sancar

Affiliation: University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA

Prize Motivation: "for mechanistic studies of DNA repair"

Sancar discovered the mechanisms used by cells to fix damage by ultraviolet radiation.

 
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NEWS CRUNCH  
news Shire, Microsoft and EURORDIS form Global Commission to accelerate time to diagnosis for children with rare diseases
news EmTech Asia explores future of life, humanity and economy
news Biology of Ageing II - Impactful Interventions
PR NEWSWIRE  
Asia Pacific Biotech News
EDITORS' CHOICE  
COLUMNS  
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APBN Editorial Calendar 2018
January:
Obesity / Outlook for 2018
February:
Searching for the fountain of youth
March:
Women in Science - Making a difference
April:
Digestive health in the 21st century - Trust your guts
May:
Dental health - The root to good health
June:
Cancer - Therapies and strategies for better patient outcomes
July:
Water management- Technologies for biotech and pharmaceutical industries
August:
Regenerative medicine / Biotech start ups
September:
Digital healthcare / 3D printing
October:
Bones / Breast cancer
November:
Liver health / Top science research nations & institutions
December:
AIDS / Breakthrough of the year/Emerging trends
Editorial calendar is subjected to changes.
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